Once upon a time, usually during a license renewal period, a radio station listener might hear the following on the air:
On May 15, 2001, Radio Station KZZZ (FM) was granted a license by the Federal Communication Commission to serve the public interest as a public trustee until December 1, 2005. Our license will expire December 1, 2005. We must file for license renewal with the FCC by August 1, 2005. When filed, a copy of this application will be available for public inspection during our regular business hours. It contains information concerning this station’s performance during the last four years. Individuals who wish to advise the FCC of facts relating to our renewal application and to whether this station has operated in the public interest should file comments and petitions with the FCC by November 1, 2005. Further information concerning the FCC’s broadcast license renewal process is a available at the KZZZ offices, located at 555 Main Street in Smallville, or may be obtained from the Federal Communications Commission, Washington, D.C. 20554.
So what does “Granted to serve the public interest mean?” Perhaps having a news department, or sponsoring a debate in the local mayor’s race, perhaps a Sunday morning church service. Maybe some High School football or even broadcasting emergency information such as tornado warnings or a flood warning.
How about broadcasting a flood warning to your listeners that are taking part in a station promotion? How about if said station promotion happens to be taking place in a flood plain, and warnings issued several hours before the promotion is scheduled? No? You can’t make this stuff up, no one would believe you:
A Clear Channel station in Grand Rapids, MI threw its annual B93 Concert Bash on June 20 in nearby Ionia by the Grand Rapids River, apparently oblivious to flash flood warnings issued by the National Weather Service.
No, nothing bad can come of this right? right? Of course the inevitable happend. The river overflowed it’s banks, causing concert goers to flee for their lives and flooding the parking area submerging their cars. Naturally, Clear Channel will pay those who had their cars towed out of the mud right. Nope, you listeners are on your own, tough shit.
Then there is the now infamous Minot train derailing. For those not familar, a train carring anhydrous ammonia derailed and spilled it’s contents. When local officials attempted to activate EAS, they couldn’t. They then attempted to call the LP-1 station on the phone to get the information out, nobody was home. Clear Channel placed the blame squarely on the local law enforecement agencies stating that they had not installed their EAS equipement properly and had changed frequencies on their radio link without notifying the radio station. Perhaps, but it seems there is more than enough blame to share. Were station employees proactive with the local government officials? I can’t say, but they should have been. EAS is a team effort.
Not to pile onto Clear Channel too much, Cumulus seems to encourage their listeners to head out doors, enjoy the good weather. During a tornado warning. Nice.
By this, It would appear that the public is interested in fleeing for their lives, having their cars flooded, all the while wondering what is going on.
No matter how hard people try, nothing can replace radio’s role in alerting the public. Mass e-mail systems, Blackberries, and other internet based systems will fail when the power goes out and kills the supporting ethernet infrastructure. Cellphones, PCS devices, I-phones become unreliable during emergencies because the TELCO system that supports them gets clogged with traffic. Many cellphone towers do not have backup generators. During the events of 9/11/2001, I experienced first hand the difficulties trying to use the wired telephone network due to congestion. Since the HDTV rollout, cable companies have become the backbone for the distribution of TV signals. Coaxial based cable systems rely on booster amplifiers every mile or two to keep the signal strengths usable. Those amplifiers need power from the utility grid. Not to mention, most TVs cannot run on batteries and lack portability.
Almost everyone owns a battery powered portable radio. When the shit hits the fan, they will turn it on. What will they hear?
So where is the official outrage? Why has not the big radio CEO’s, public trustees each, been dragged before congress to explain themselves?
5 thoughts on “In the public interest”
Another big problem that the public does not understand. Many folks opt to have VOIP phones now, since the audio is “crystal clear” according to the Comcast and Time Warner advertisements. However, when one or more of those boosters boxes for fiber or coax is out of service, there goes the cable, the internet, and the telephone all at once!
We do have one good local station in Jacksonville FL that I trust for getting the word out.
The whole idea of a “public trustee” comes from the Communications Act of 1934 which arose out of electromagnetic interference from stations going on all over without any coordination or rules. So, the government came up with the FCC as a licensing agency with strings attached. In order to qualify for a new Radio Station authorization, an applicant had to demonstrate a dedication to the “public interest, convenience, and necessity”. Those three words are the tenets and principal backbone of the 1934 Act. And it was good back in those days. A lot of people came forward and made applications, and since this media was new, huge sums of money were made through the 1970’s. Now some 60 years later, the emphasis is trying to keep the lights on and make a payroll. The “Public File” is a big deal with the FCC these days, and a station better have it in order. Many have dedicated a PC to it, such that it can be viewed at the station on a screen without taking paper to the library. The problem is that there are too many lawyers, and they enjoy writing laws and making other lawyers busy. And once laws are on the books, it is nearly impossible to repeal them! So, you still have the 1934 Act, the Bubba Clinton 1996 Act, and who knows what next is in store? Times have changed, and many laws are simply becoming obsolete. The listening public is becoming more fragmented every day. Don’t get me wrong, I am a strict Constitutionalist, but regulating business with the advent of new technology, globalism, and the Internet is a different story.
I stumbled across this topic while reviewing older posts. I wonder just how much “in the public interest” it is when a alleged “public radio” operator takes over the signals of what were once three commercial AM signals within a 20 mile corridor? I suppose this will leave the affected towns a much smaller choice to hear local news and information, let alone emergency or disaster notifications. Then again, I consider the FCC a co-conspirator in allowing such actions.
I remember growing up hearing sign-on and sign-off announcements mentioning stations being licensed in the public interest – obviously this is lost in the land of money, greed and corruption.
That was written over two years ago and things have only gotten worse. It is now clear that corporate interests own the Government and will do whatever they please, the public be damned. The answer is to support only those that deserve it. This year, I sent my normal yearly donation for the public radio station to a local community broadcaster instead. I would encourage others to do the same.