Satellite dish wasp fade

More bee-related RF stories. This happens often this time of year, the paper wasps have worked hard all spring to build their nests up in size, and during July, they become large enough to block the aperture of the antenna mounted on a satellite dish. As the nest fills up with eggs and larvae, it becomes denser and blocks more RF from the antenna. Soon, the signal on the satellite receiver drops, and audio dropouts occur.

I have noticed that the newer generation satellite receivers are not as good as the older Starguide III and II units.  The Starguide receivers were pretty light-duty when compared to the Scientific Atlanta 7300 or 2300 series units.  Those things were built like tanks, took up a lot of rack space, and so long as one replaced the power supply capacitors every so often, never failed.  The newer satellite receivers are very intolerant of phase shifts or carrier disruptions.  Many times, the signal strength might look to be above the dropout threshold (usually 4.5 to 5 dB), but the audio still occasionally cuts out.  That symptom is almost always bees in the feed horn.

3.2 meter comtech dish
3.2 meter COMTECH satellite dish

This dish is mounted up high above the roof of the building on 6-inch well casing.  In order to service the feed horn, one has to either rent a cherry picker or loosen the azimuth bolts and spin the entire dish around so the feed horn is over the roof area.  Then an eight-foot step ladder is a need to get to the feed horn.  Luckily, it is a flat roof.  Needless to say, I made sure the feed horn had the proper cover over it so that no bees could get in.

satellite feed horn with insect cover
Satellite dish feed horn with insect cover installed

Bee fade is best cured with a can of Raid Hornet and wasp spray.  The culprits are almost always paper wasps, which, I can tell you from experience, have a nasty sting.  Once the nest is cleaned out of the antenna aperture, a proper cover must be installed.  If one finds that they don’t have a proper cover, I have found that a top from a spray paint can work as a temporary cover until a proper one can be installed.  I would not call a spray paint can cap a permanent solution because the sun will eventually degrade the plastic and it will fall apart.