January 2011
« Dec   Feb »



MW/SW hybrid stations

There are four of these stations in Canada.  In my scanning of the shortwave frequencies, I have found CFRX on 6070 KHz to put a strong signal into my location pretty much 24/7. At night it is drowned out by interference from but daytime is listenable from local sunrise until about an hour before local sunset with a 100 uv signal.  A look at the map reveals the CFRX transmitter site is roughly 300 miles away.  CFRX is a relay of CFRB, 1010 KHz in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.  CFRB does not come in here at all due to protecting 1010 WINS in NYC.

1964 CFRX/CFRB QSL card

1964 CFRX/CFRB QSL card

What I find very interesting is the station uses 1 KW TPO into a single 50 foot (117 degree) vertical tower.  That is a pretty low tech transmission facility, nothing like the minimum 50 KW with a 10 dB antenna requirement the FCC stipulates for shortwave broadcasters in this country. Even so, it generates a big useable signal, in the case of CFRX, covering nearly 300,000 square miles very inexpensively.

CFRX has been relaying CFRB’s signal since 1937.  According to the ODXA site, the station uses a Bauer 701B modified to transmit on HF.    The Bauer transmitters were always solid units.  It went off the air in 2008 for several months while the transmitter was repaired, but eventually, it did return.  Obviously the station ownership finds value in the service and it continues on today.

I often wonder why the FCC won’t allow a similar HF relay service here in the US.  Daytime propagation on the tropical bands (75 and 60 Meters (3.9-4 MHz and 4.7 – 5.06 MHz respectively)) would allow low power relays to cover large areas like CFRX.  Tropical band propagation is such that night time coverage may degraded by interference from other, more powerful stations offshore.  Even so, it seems like a good way to cover a lot of ground in a economical way.

Other Canadian shortwave relay stations:

HF Call sign Power/frequency Parent station Location Power/frequency
CFRX 1000/6060 CFRB Toronto, ON 50 KW/1010
CFVP 1000/6030 CKMX Calgary, AB 50 KW/1060
CKZN 300/6160 CFGB (CBC R-1) St. Johns, NF 4.5 KW/89.5 MHz
CKZU 500/6160 CBU (CBC R-1) Vancouver, BC 50 KW/690

Power in watts, frequency is KHz unless otherwise noted.

I know the CRTC would like to do away with these stations, but I think that is foolish.


A pessimist sees the glass as half empty. An optimist sees the glass as half full. The engineer sees the glass as twice the size it needs to be.

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
~1st amendment to the United States Constitution

Any society that would give up a little liberty to gain a little security will deserve neither and lose both.
~Benjamin Franklin

The individual has always had to struggle to keep from being overwhelmed by the tribe. To be your own man is hard business. If you try it, you will be lonely often, and sometimes frightened. But no price is too high to pay for the privilege of owning yourself.
~Rudyard Kipling

Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes the freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers
~Universal Declaration Of Human Rights, Article 19

...radio was discovered, and not invented, and that these frequencies and principles were always in existence long before man was aware of them. Therefore, no one owns them. They are there as free as sunlight, which is a higher frequency form of the same energy.
~Alan Weiner

Free counters!